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california intravenous iv drugs cause cellulitis

California Drug Users: Cellulitis from Intravenous (IV) Drugs

Intravenous (IV) Drug Injection: How People Acquire Cellulitis in California

There are various ways to take drugs. Among the most common are smoking and ingesting orally. Another example is intravenous drug use or IV injection I there are several ways of taking drugs into the body, then there are also different types of drugs people can use. One of the most dangerous drugs available these days is heroin, an opioid drug that’s rapidly spread across the United States in large part due to the prescription drug Oxy-Contin. Additional drugs among the most abused drugs in the U.S. include methamphetamine, cocaine, and opioid painkillers such as Percocet or Vicodin®.

What Cellulitis?

Cellulitis is a painful soft tissue and skin infection caused by staphylococcus aureus bacterium. It is also a common form of staph infection that is usually caused by fungi, oral and streptococcal bacteria. Sometimes, it will spread throughout your body and affect more than the original point of infection. As cellulitis spreads, inflammation and redness pass through the limbs and other body parts. This is not good because it means your infection is thriving.

Risks of Cellulitis in the Body

When you use the IV injection method for taking drugs, you are risking your health. There’s a lot more you could contract besides cellulitis. IV drug injection weakens the immune system while making the body more prone to infection. If you have cellulitis and you don’t take action in treating it, the infection may develop into more serious skin complications. Once the staph bacteria gets into the skin, the natural defenses of the body start to work. In an infection, the white blood cells fight against the invading bacteria.

Usually, an infection will develop near or at the injected area. Suddenly, the signs will emerge and may appear in 2-5 days after the bacterial invaders gain foothold on the skin. When cellulitis is visible, the rash and sore will rapidly expand during the first twenty-four hours. The signs may include the following:

  • redness
  • swelling
  • tenderness
  • stiff joints
  • fatigue
  • inflammation
  • chills and fever
  • blisters
  • dimpled skin

The infected area is commonly warm and has excessive pain when touched. The skin seems glossy because it becomes tight. It’s really important to take note of these symptoms before it turns into a more severe problem in the future. However, don’t try to cure it without an expert’s help. Improper treatment of cellulitis may only lead to more dangerous and deadly infections on the skin.

How IV Injection Causes Cellulitis

With intravenous drug abuse, there can be negative effects that are harmful in the body’s immune system. The problem is that people know that IV drug addiction is not good and yet, they continue to use it. Perhaps, the best way to help them is to let them know how IV drug use causes cellulitis.

Here are some of the common factors that cause cellulitis:

  • Skin. The skin itself is a host for various microorganisms and bacteria. Every day, our skin is exposed to a lot of pollutants including fungi and viruses. There are friendly bacteria that enter through the skin, however, there are also damaging bacteria that can harm the body such as the case with staph infections like cellulitis. When you use intravenous drug injections, the bacteria can also enter through the tissues and invade the entire body.
  • It’s important to carefully clean the skin before injecting anything into it. Medically trained individuals are required to properly disinfect the area to be injected so that pathogens and bacteria are eliminated. Some people will lick the area instead of putting alcohol to kill the bacteria and this can be dangerous. When you fail to clean the area, the IV injection will carry the bacteria into the skin and cause infections such as cellulitis.
  • Type of drugs. Since there are various types of drugs used today, it’s essential to determine which one is the most hazardous. For instance, a combination of cocaine and heroin known as speedballs are truly dangerous when it comes to skin infections.
  • Needles, wash water, filters, spoons, and other drug paraphernalia might be contaminated. When used, they can infect the body while quickly harming the immune system. This could happen when you share needles, clean needles with saliva or fail to properly clean the area to be injected, or through the reuse of needles.

What Is Skin Popping?

Chronic use of drugs can extensively damage your veins making them inaccessible. When this happens, the person may suffer from skin popping. This condition is caused by injecting drugs under the skin rather than into the veins. Such method is associated with increased cellulitis where IV drug users are said to be more prone to staph infection.

Some people inject drugs into the area which has been infected already. If you do so, you only overwhelm that spot, such as the groin, with more bacteria. Since there are certain body parts that are not easy to clean, the infection grows and spreads throughout the entire body.

Other Complications of Having Cellulitis

Cellulitis, when left untreated, could develop into more serious complications such as:

  • meningitis
  • lymphangitis or lymph vessels inflammation
  • endocarditis or heart infection
  • shock
  • tissue death or gangrene
  • osteomyelitis or bone infection
  • abscesses

In addition, improper treatment of staph infection could develop a stronghold of bacteria in the blood called blood poisoning or sepsis. When a person has sepsis infection, the bacteria spread throughout the body and pose major threats such as death. You wouldn’t want to reach this stage, as there is a very low chance of surviving.

Immediate Treatment

It’s important to seek early treatment in order to reverse the symptoms of cellulitis. Usually, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics and perform blood examinations to treat the infection. After the laboratory tests, they may prescribe a more appropriate type of antibiotic to ensure successful treatment. However, those who are suffering from opioid abuse, a more comprehensive treatment will be done by the doctor. Additionally, you have to stop abusing drugs. Getting treatment is essential to not putting your life at risk anymore.

Takeaway

To keep the immune system strong, drinking plenty of water and getting enough rest are needed. Advanced infections require more intensive treatment to avoid complications. Of course, your health should always be a priority so following the advice of your doctor is the best thing to do while avoiding harmful substances that can be pollutants to your body.

packing for california rehab

Essentials to Pack When Preparing for Rehab in California

You’re Never Fully Prepared for Addiction Treatment, but Make Sure You’ve Packed the Essentials

It doesn’t matter how long you will be staying in a rehabilitation center. What matters is your preparedness before leaving your home. One important reminder is packing your bag with all the essentials needed throughout your stay. You can search for the facility’s website to get an overview of the place you’re going to and they’re likely to post a list of what to bring and more importantly, what not to bring. You can also ask a friend who’s been to rehab before for some tips.

Packing Smart

For a hassle-free rehab stay, do consider bringing the following essentials during your stay:

  1. A Music player. Whether you like music or not, it’s a great way to stay entertained while in the confines of your rehab room. Perhaps, you have an old MP3 player or iPod that you can bring. Just make sure to fill it with songs that you want to listen to, especially ones that can be helpful during challenging times. Remember, you may not be allowed to bring your phone inside the rehab center so a music player is the best gadget to bring.
  2. A pair of shoes and comfortable clothes. This might be more than an essential, but bringing the right kinds of clothes is important. For instance, you just might need tees, sweatpants, jackets, and other usual clothes to keep you comfortable inside the treatment facility. Some rehabs take their clients to a gym so be ready with a sporty outfit.
  3. Toiletries. When it comes to toiletries, be sure that they don’t contain any alcohol because that is strictly prohibited inside the facility. In fact, hairspray and hand sanitizers containing denatured alcohol are some of the items included in the forbidden list. Face wash, spray gel, and perfume are not allowed in the facility as well.
  4. Contact list. You wouldn’t want to leave your home and spend weeks inside a treatment facility without bringing your loved ones’ phone numbers in case of emergency. This is important before checking in.
  5. Puffs. Smoking probably isn’t beneficial to your recovery but if you already smoke and you’re not looking to quit, it’s one of the best things to do for rehab clients during downtime. Most of your time at the treatment facility will be allotted to group therapy, recreational activities, meetings, and individual therapy. But there’s plenty of free time for you to socialize with others in the rehab center.
  6. Flip flops. Slippers or flip flops, basically, you need them even if you’re not a fan of them. You might not feel comfortable lacing up your sneakers just to go outside to smoke, use the bathroom or for other quick things. Slippers are a necessity for ultimate comfort inside a rehab center. You can wear a pair all day if you want.
  7. Bathing suit. Once in a while, treatment centers bring their clients outside to have some fun, especially ones located near a beach! This is to help them enjoy their rehab period not only inside the building, but also in other places. This helps simulate an at-home environment. A bathing suit is appropriate when going to resorts, beaches and water parks. Just make sure they are not too revealing so you can comfortably enjoy the activities.
  8. Important documents. Wherever you may go, it’s essential to bring a valid ID such as your driver’s license, insurance card, or other forms of identification. For convenient payments, you can also bring your credit card or checkbook. Don’t forget to slip some cash in your pocket for buying coffee and other items in the vending machines.
  9. Medications. If you have consulted your doctor before going to a rehab, make sure you bring your prescribed medications. However, do not transfer them into a new bottle. They have to be in their original packaging for quick inspections. For liquid medications, they have to be new and properly sealed.
  10. Hobby items. Of course, you need to focus on your rehabilitation and recovery while in the facility. In addition, you need to take part in all the activities required inside the building. But bringing some of your hobby items from home can help you speed up your recovery from addiction. During downtime, you can do things that you like such as sketching, knitting, taking photos, or anything that makes you feel happy. A notebook is also an ideal item to keep in your room.

Things to Avoid

When packing your bag, there are also some things that you don’t need to include such as card decks, sporting equipment, alcohol, drugs, sharp objects, electronic cigarettes, and cosmetics. You can ask the administrative staff if you can bring your own bedding, blanket, or pillow for a more comfortable stay. Other things you still need to consult with them on, before putting them in your suitcase are disposable razors, nail clippers, and other essentials you might want to bring.

Other Important Reminders

Rehabs impose strict policies to ensure the well-being of their clients. So when packing your things before leaving for rehab, make sure to bring only the items that are allowed in the facility. Don’t worry if it’s your first time because some centers will give you their suggested packing checklist to make things easier for you.

Once you’re in the treatment facility, you will have to check in and have your things inspected. You will also be guided throughout the admission process. Do not hesitate to ask questions if you have anything needing clarification. For safety precautions, follow what you’re told so it will be easier for you and the staff. Of course, make sure that your family knows about this and provide them the contact number of your rehab center.

Takeaway

Packing for rehab is easy if you follow the center’s policies. However, do not try to bring your whole closet in your bag. A 7-day packing strategy would help you pack light. That means bringing clothes and other essentials that are good for 7 days. Then you can just wash your clothes after using them so you can comfortably wear them again in the coming week. Now, you’re all prepared for your recovery. All you have to do is focus on what you need to do to get better.

Compare Rehab Facilities in California

How to Compare Rehab Facilities in California

Finding the Right Rehab Center for You

Your recovery depends on you. You’re the foundation, you’re the captain of the ship. You’ll get a lot of help along the way if you choose to accept it, you can take other people on as your guides, your navigators. Other people will help you to get sober and stay that way, but you’ve got to be your own rock through all of this. That said, while the right rehab in California is not what’s going to make or break your recovery, there are rehab facilities in California that will make the process, while still an uphill battle, just a bit less steep.

Check the Reviews

It might feel a bit odd typing “rehab in California, best reviewed” into Google. After all, we’re talking about your health, your recovery from addiction, here, not the most overlooked burger joint in the city. But, you can find reviews of rehab centers on Yelp and other websites where people can rank their experiences. Look, there are people who review national forests and natural landmarks, so of course you can find a lot of reviews for rehab centers. That said, there are a few things to bear in mind when reading these reviews:

-Some people are paid to write negative reviews in order to help the competition. This might not be the other group’s fault. It may simply be that they hired a marketing firm without knowing that that marketing firm was a bit shady.

-Some people just aren’t very good at reviewing things. There are reviews for Yellowstone National Park complaining about how hot it gets in the Summer, as if the park’s crew has anything to do with that. Take all opinions with a grain of salt.

-You’ll want to read a lot of reviews to get an idea. If one person is saying that the staff are rude, then maybe that person is just a bit hard-headed. If a dozen people are saying it, on the other hand…

Call and See

Sometimes you can’t really get an idea of the kind of people you’re dealing with until you actually, well, deal with them. You can drive around all day talking to them in person, but your first step should just be to make a few calls. Chat with them on the phone and ask some questions. Here’s what you’ll want to inquire about:

-What are your services? You’re looking for a facility that fits your needs. If you need to detox, for instance, then you need to find a facility that offers that. If you really don’t think you can make it without some familiar faces around, ask about family therapy and visitation. Make sure that they have what you need.

-What do your patients do for recreation? You might feel like you’re just trying to turn rehab into a vacation asking how often you’ll be able to get to the beach, but the truth is that it’s a lot easier to keep yourself busy when there’s more to do than sitting around in your room all day watching TV.

-Do you have any success stories? Remember that even with the best care possible, relapse can happen. No rehab center is going to have a perfect track record, but if they know their stuff, they’re going to have some success stories that they’re particularly proud of. Most of those stories are confidential, of course, but they probably have one or two that they have permission to share.

-Finally, just make a note of the person that you spoke with. Were they friendly? Attentive? Compassionate? You’re not going to get your tires rotated, here, you’re looking for a temporary home where people will treat you with care and empathy on your road to recovery. If they’re acting like this is just a dayjob, as if they have things they’d rather be doing, you might want to scratch that center off the list.

Aren’t You Guys A Little Biased?

Sure. We’re offering rehabilitation and recovery, we do have a horse in this race. But priority number one is getting you the help you need. We offer detox, residential inpatient, intervention, 12 step recovery and sober living, among other services. We hire only the best, the most experienced, and the most compassionate staff. We have a 78% success rate and we’re located a short hop and a jump from the beach. We’re not going to hesitate to boast about that, and we hope that it’s enough to earn your trust, but if it isn’t, we’ll wish you luck no matter where you go for recovery. Just make sure that you’re in the hands of people you do trust, people who you feel have your best interests at heart, and who have the experience and the insight to help you through what is going to be one of the most challenging journeys you’ve ever taken.

Just Don’t Be Indecisive

While learning how to compare rehab facilities in California, you can get into a mindset where you’re kind of going through every option with a fine-tooth comb. We’re not going to sit here and tell you that one rehab center is as good as another. There’s a reason some of them have below-average success rates. But the sooner you get started on the road to recovery, the better. Weigh the pros and cons, hunt down the rehab center that hits every box on your checklist, but don’t use the process as an excuse to drag things out. Of course you’re going to be hesitant to dive right in, it’s a big step. So here’s what you can do: Set yourself a deadline. Mark a date on the calendar. It can be two days, three days, but it probably shouldn’t be more than a week. In that time you can make all the calls and visits you want, you can read every review you have the time to read, but come the deadline, be ready to make your choice.

Professional Detox in California

Getting Help – 12 Warning Signs You May Need A Professional Detox

Could you be on the Brink of a Serious Addiction Problem?

Are you wondering if you should enlist the services of one of our California detox centers? Curiosity regarding the subject is a great first step. But are there other warning signs that will let you know if your drinking has gone too far? How do you know when it’s time to seek a professional California detox? Here are 12 warning signs and red flags to keep in mind.

1. You’re Starting To Hide Your Drinking.

This is usually one of the first steps down the wrong road. If you’re actively hiding your drinking from your friends, family, or spouse, then it’s likely because you feel like you’re doing something wrong. There’s nothing wrong with having healthy drinking habits and there’s no need to cover them up. Hiding your drinking habits is often the beginning of a dangerous pattern and way of thinking. It’s a good time to consider staying at one of our California detox centers.

2. Other People Keep Suggesting It.

Nobody likes hearing their friends tell them that they need to go to rehab or that they need a professional detox. Unfortunately, sometimes those people are telling the truth. If you’ve started hearing this suggestion on a regular basis, then there may actually be some reasoning behind it. That doesn’t mean you have to swallow your pride and tell the person they are right. Simply visit the detox center of your own accord and handle your business.

3. Blackouts Have Become Commonplace.

Most people have had one or two wild nights where they’ve drank to a point that fogged up their memory. It’s not the end of the world if a blackout happens once in your life. However, if it’s happened multiple times in the last year, then it’s a strong warning sign of a problem. That warning should be considered even bigger if the blackouts are occurring close together. Two blackouts in the same month or week is a serious problem. A healthy drinking habit would not result in multiple blackouts under any circumstances. 

4. You Need Twice As Much As You Did Last Month.

The body handles alcohol, narcotics, and most other drugs in a similar fashion. As an addiction is formed, your tolerance increases. Six months ago you only needed two shots to get a buzz. After four shots you were ready to go to sleep. Now you can take four shots without feeling anything. That’s a red flag that you’re developing a problem. When you have too much of something the body will naturally build a tolerance against it. Drinking twice as much alcohol means that the negative effects on the body are twice as harmful.

5. Important Events Don’t Seem That Important Anymore.

Was there a time when going to the movies with friends sounded like a great idea? But now you would much rather stay home and drink or maybe go to the bar. That’s a warning sign that you’re developing a problem and should consider visiting one of our California detox centers. As an addiction to alcohol forms, those other important events will become slightly less important than drinking. It could be going to the movies with friends, watching your kids’ sporting events, or going on date night with the spouse. 

6. Drinking Has Resulted In Harming Yourself Or Other People.

Bodily injury is one of the most significant warning signs that you need a professional California detox. This may include:

– Falling over while drunk.

– Getting into a physical fight with someone.

– Doing something you normally wouldn’t which results in injury.

On the more serious end, it could involve a vehicular accident where you were drinking behind the wheel. In either scenario, once drinking results in hurting yourself or other people, it’s time to take a step back and consider detox.

7. Responsibilities Lose Their Importance.

This is similar to avoiding important events so that you can stay home and drink, but it’s slightly more serious. There comes a point when those with a drinking problem begin to neglect their responsibilities in life. This might involve their personal hygiene, their duties around the home, and even their job. They may stop showing up for work or they could still be intoxicated when they do show up. This is a warning sign that drinking has developed into a seriously harmful habit and that detoxification is necessary.

8. You Use Alcohol To Self Medicate.

This refers to drinking alcohol to help deal with feelings of anger or depression. It may seem like a simple and affordable alternative to healthcare, but it’s not healthy at all. In the long run, it will make most mental conditions significantly worse. It also leads to developing a pattern of drinking. You feel bad, you drink, you feel better, and thus your body associates drinking with feeling good. You can eventually reach a point where the only time you feel good is when you are drinking. If drugs or alcohol are necessary to make you feel good during the day, then it’s time to consider a detox.

9. Suffering Legal Consequences.

This is very similar to suffering bodily injury. Legal consequences may come from public intoxication or from some crime that was committed while being under the influence. Some people tend to get into fights and get arrested when drinking. Others have outbursts of strange behavior that they wouldn’t normally exhibit. It can result in performing risky activities that result in legal consequences. As with bodily injury, once drinking has reached a point where it’s negatively impacting your life in such a way, it’s time consider a professional California detox.

10. You’ve Lost Important Personal Relationships.

Once alcoholism reaches a serious point, it can begin to destroy relationships. If someone in your family won’t speak to you because of your drinking, then perhaps you should visit a detox center and then reach out to that person afterward. Drinking can ruin familial relationships as well as friendships and entire marriages. Ideally, you want to seek detox before it reaches that point, but if it already has, that doesn’t mean it’s too late to turn back.

11. You Suffer Withdrawal Symptoms Daily.

Suffering from a withdrawal is always a clear sign of a developing addiction. Alcohol withdrawals can begin as quickly as five hours after your last drink. Those withdrawals can continue for weeks afterward. If you are suffering from withdrawals shortly after you stop drinking, then consider it a warning sign of an addiction. Do your body a favor and take advantage of a detox. Alcohol withdrawal is a very serious condition and alcohol detox should be monitored by a medical professional.

12. You’ve Admitted You Have A Problem.

This might seem like a no-brainer, but it’s something a lot of people with an alcohol addiction struggle with. They’ve reached a point where they can admit they have a serious problem, but they just don’t take the steps to fix it. Don’t be one of those people. If you can admit that there is a problem, then the next step is to contact an addiction counselor now to start detoxing from alcohol as quickly and safely as possible.

 

Drug Users Searching "Is _ Safe?" in Record Numbers in California - Rehab Eminemt

Drug Users Searching “Is _ Safe?” in Record Numbers in California – Rehab Eminent

What Does it Mean When Everyone’s Searching “Are Drugs Safe?”

If you really want to know what’s on people’s minds, look at Google Trends. Whatever people may say on social media or in person, whatever they may be willing to express in public, you don’t know what they’re really thinking about until you check their search history. A look at Google’s numbers today shows that we’ve been seeing quite a few people in California searching for terms like “is salvia safe?” or “is DMT safe?” or “how to safely use MDMA.” On the one hand, at least people are taking precautions. Before the internet, the best a drug user had to go on was information from fellow users, which often came down to urban legend. Drug use isn’t necessarily the safest hobby in the first place, but flying blind only makes it more dangerous. That said, these searches do tell us something else…

We’re Seeing More Drug Users in California These Days

Now, the sad fact about drug use is that it’s only a problem for some of us. A lot of people will experiment with drugs and alcohol in their youth and never develop a dependency. Others may stumble onto drugs at a particularly bad time in their life, and immediately take to it as a crutch. Not everyone who experiments with drugs and alcohol will become addicted, but many will. Of course by the most basic rules of mathematics, the more people there are using drugs, the more people you will see developing a dependency. We’re seeing more of these “are drugs safe” searches lately, and the searches are a bit like the ants that you see above ground: For every ten you can spot, there’s a hundred you can’t.

The Questions People Ask

Some of the questions people ask are interesting to say the least. Just to give you a few examples:

– Is it safe to smoke suboxone?
– Is it safe to inject molly?
– Is it safe to inject liquid methadone?
– Can you smoke buprenorphine?
– Cocaine on suboxone?
– Dangers of snorting suboxone
– is it safe to snort oxycodone?
– Is it safe to snort is it safe to snort gabapentin?

These are just to name a few. Any drug that’s on the market, legal or otherwise, people are looking for creative ways to take it and combine it with other drugs.

Anticipating The Long Term Effects

If we can believe what these search results are telling us, that drug users in California are on the rise, then there’s quite a bit that we can extrapolate from that. One of these things that we can suspect to be true is that we’re probably going to see a lot more people looking to attend rehab centers in California. Again, many of these users will probably experiment with drugs to some degree, and then put it aside and never think about it again. Some people play around with drugs and alcohol in college, and they’re lucky enough to never overdose or fall in with a bad crowd or become addicted. Those are the lucky ones. Others become addicted very quickly. That first experiment becomes “just one more,” just one more becomes a habit, and a habit becomes a full-blown addiction. These are the people who will, sooner or later, have to do something about it, or let the addiction control their lives forever.

How Long Will It Take?

Every addiction is different. One person might realize that they’re addicted right away and pursue an addiction recovery program only a few months after their first encounter with opiates, meth or crack cocaine. Others might spend years, even decades using drugs on a regular basis before they decide to seek help. And of course, some will never seek help. There’s no timeline for how long it will take for a wave of addicted people to start seeking help, it’s more of a rolling process: If we’re seeing more drug users in California, then we can expect to see more people coming into rehab centers into the indefinite future. Again, not every user will need rehab, not every user will accept the need for rehab, but for every one who doesn’t set foot inside a recovery center, there’s one who will.

Why Now?

Drugs have always been around, but why are more people in California using now? It comes down to a number of factors:

The opiate epidemic. As you may have heard, there’s been a massive spike in the use of opiates and other prescription drugs lately. It stands to reason that this spike would hit California, as well. There are a few theories as to why this is happening, with the most likely possibly being the over-prescription of opiate pain killers.

-The deep web. Sites like Silk Road make it very easy to explore the world of exotic drugs. We’re not trying to take a stance on the free market here. In fact, many sources suggest that legalization could help to regulate drug use and prevent overdose and treat addiction. But the fact is that deep web sites make drugs more accessible than ever before.

-California has a lot of money and it’s only gotten richer with the tech boom. It’s one of the richest states in the union, and many people run out of legal ways to spend all that disposable income. Experimentation with drugs often comes next.

What This All Means

The silver lining to all of this is that the more data we have on drug use, addiction and overdose, the more data we have to put to use on treatment and rehab. It’s not exactly ethical to experiment on humans to find out the effects of dangerous drugs and addiction, and of course we’d rather nobody ever have to suffer addiction. But if you’re looking for a bright side to the epidemic, we may be seeing this data put to use to develop more effective methods of treatment. This also means that you may want to keep an eye on any loved ones who have had a history with drug and alcohol addiction.

Many who have been through recovery have a strong success rate and they might never touch drugs again. For others, exposure alone can mean relapse, and drugs have never been more available in California than they are right now.

If you or a loved one are in need of help with addiction, please contact an addiction counselor today. You can change your life with that one call.

California Residential Treatment Centers

California Residential Treatment Centers-How to Make Your Decision

Look for Expert Care and a Supportive Environment for Successful Recovery

It takes courage to decide that you need help. Denial is one of the most common facets of substance abuse and addiction, and coming to terms with the reality that one needs help is a tremendous step. The first step that one should take after admitting that one has a problem with alcohol or drugs is to decide on what method of treatment is best. The success of recovery can hinge upon the kind of help that one receives in the early stages of treatment. For many people, residential care is the right answer. There are a number of California residential treatment centers to choose from, and many decide that Ocean Hills Recovery is the right choice. 

Taking Time Out for Residential Drug and Alcohol Treatment

There are a few people who receive adequate treatment for substance abuse and manage to stay sober in an outpatient setting. However, the majority of people struggling with addiction feel that life stressors are a contributing factor in their drug and alcohol abuse and may decide that residential treatment is the best option. With the greater acceptance of the issue of drug and alcohol treatment, fewer people nowadays feel that they are compromising their career and reputation by checking in to residential treatment centers in California. In many cases, it is possible to receive a medical leave from work to engage in a 30, 60 or 90 day residential care program.

A Few Benefits of Residential Recovery for Substance Abuse

In many cases of addiction, residential treatment is required, because withdrawal symptoms may be too dangerous to handle without proper medical care. Even those whose withdrawal symptoms are not significantly powerful to pose an actual danger, there are a number of benefits to choosing California residential treatment centers for a firm footing in the initial recovery stages. Work, family and financial pressures are often cited as contributing factors to drug and alcohol addiction. Inpatient care removes these stressors and allows the individual to take the first steps toward recovery without these headwinds. In addition, residential recovery provides around the clock medical treatment services and various types of counseling for comprehensive care. Residential recovery gives participants:

  • Freedom from life’s pressures
  • Focused care
  • Medical attention
  • Around the clock treatment
  • A Comprehensive Approach to Drug and Alcohol Treatment

Every individual who enrolls in residential treatment centers in California has a different history and life circumstances. Therefore, no one approach to treatment is suitable for every single person who comes through the doors of a residential treatment facility. At Ocean Hills Recovery, we can tailor make a program that is right for you and addresses your needs. Some approaches to therapy may be perfect for some people, but may not be as effective for others. When you check in to our residential facility, you have options regarding the care you receive. Perhaps you may want to focus on individual therapy rather than family counseling or prefer to voice your concerns and have the support of a group. We provide a comprehensive approach to recovery that can include a combination of the following:

  • 12 Step programs
  • Group therapy
  • Individual psychotherapy
  • Life Skills sessions
  • Family therapy

What to Expect from a Drug and Alcohol Treatment Facility

When patients first arrive at California residential treatment centers, there is an immediate evaluation by professionals. They receive crucial medical attention and tests, such as blood tests to determine any damage that may have been done by drugs and alcohol. Doctors will ask questions about medical history and use of alcohol and drugs. Decisions are made regarding the need for medication and what physical requirements a patient may have. After the initial phase, it is important to stabilize the patient and provide a combination of medical and psychological treatments to give full support. Patients at Ocean Hills Recovery enjoy nutritious meals, treatment to alleviate withdrawal symptoms, and various forms of therapy that give full support during the crucial initial phases of recovery. 

The Importance of Having Dual-Diagnosis Experts at a Residential Facility

The best residential treatment centers in California have programs and experts who deal with dual diagnosis, and Ocean Hills is no exception. Professionals are increasingly becoming aware that dealing only with a drug and alcohol addiction in some cases may simply be scratching the surface in patients who have an underlying issue that encourages them to misuse these substances. It has been found that in the majority of cases involving the treatment of psychological issues, drug and alcohol abuse plays a role. People with affective or personality disorders may find solace in drugs and alcohol and may use these substances instead of the right medication. They may want to avoid the side effects associated with their regular medications, or may not be aware they have a problem. Ocean Hills Recovery performs a full assessment of all participants to determine whether dual treatment is required. If a participant receives a dual diagnosis, he or she will be treated for the psychological issue as well as for substance abuse. 

Follow-Up Care Provides Tools for Recovery Success

After one has completed the course of treatment in an inpatient setting, the story is not over, but it has just begun. The transition into daily life from a residential care facility can be a challenging one and that is the reason Ocean Hills Recovery has substantial follow-up care to help patients stay sober and approach life with a renewed outlook. Patients leaving residential programs may participate in group and individual therapy as well as family counseling to help loved ones make recovery easier. In addition, there is an option to participate in programs that provide family-syle homes for those who have recently been in inpatient recovery centers. This living situation helps the patient transition from a detoxification and recovery in a controlled setting to independent living and a new lifestyle of sobriety. 

The Best Choice for Drug and Alcohol Treatment

When given a choice between California residential treatment centers, Ocean Hills Recovery is a leader. We provide diverse options of care with expert medical staff, psychotherapists and counselors. Our staff evaluates each patient and recommends a program of therapy and treatment that suits the individual. In addition, Ocean Hills Recovery provides follow-up care for those who have participated in our residential programs. Group therapy, individual therapy and life skills classes are just a few of the resources we provide to those committed to recovery. 

California Residential Treatment Facilities

California Residential Treatment Facilities—Why OHR’s Holistic Care Ranks #1

Our Residential Treatment Provides Comprehensive Care for Effective Recovery

If you are browsing for the top California residential treatment facilities, Ocean Hills Recovery is at the head of the list. Our residential treatment center has earned a high rating because of its diverse selection of programs, high success rate, expert staff and other features that make it the first choice among those who suffer from alcohol and drug addiction. In addition to residential recovery, we provide after care in the form of ongoing support groups and therapy to improve chances of success. 

The High Success Rate: Our Clients Stay Sober for the Long-Term

Although getting sober in the first place can be a substantial undertaking, staying sober can be as great a challenge. Finding the best care available in the early stages is crucial to staying sober for the long-term. Ocean Hills Recovery has a 73% success rate, with the vast majority of clients not only getting sober but remaining sober for many years. Ocean Hills is the top option among residential treatment facilities in California because of its comprehensive approach to treatment. Residential rehab clients have access to highly trained medical staff to help them deal with withdrawal symptoms and focused therapy to cope with the stressors that contribute to drug and alcohol abuse. Our staff combines psychotherapy with 12 Step programs for a diverse approach to treatment that provides support and healing at the beginning and long-term. 

We Provide a Selection of Programs and Give You a Choice of Care

One size does not necessarily fit all when it comes to recovery from alcohol and drug treatment. California residential treatment facilities provide options of effective treatment programs to suit every client. Ocean Hills provides the following treatment programs:

• Psychotherapy
• 12 step recovery
• Detox services
• Life Skills support

Substance abuse treatment involves several phases, and different programs may be needed for every phase of treatment, from initially stopping drug and alcohol abuse to support and help to stay sober. A selection of programs gives comprehensive care for anyone who wants to start a new chapter in life. Programs enrich the mind, body and spirit and help clients battle physical withdrawal symptoms and psychological addiction. 

Focused Care Targets Individual Needs for Effective Recovery

Ocean Hills Recovery has highly trained staff that can zero in on the needs of each individual client. When individuals come to us for help, we look at specific factors that can affect care and the choice of treatment, including:

• Mental and physical health
• Living and social circumstances
• Family dynamics
• Vocational requirements

Those who seek treatment for drug and alcohol addiction want to treat their condition and return to their everyday lives smoothly and easily. Ocean Hills Recovery can determine the best course of action and regimen of treatment to suit those who want effective treatment that will keep them sober permanently. Effective residential care treats withdrawal symptoms and provides supportive therapy to embark on a new way of life. Our experts can also determine the best form of follow-up treatment for individual clients for coping with triggers and stress that may have contributed to drug and alcohol abuse. 

Dual Diagnosis Programs Improve Chances for Staying Sober

A large number of people who suffer from drug and alcohol addiction may have underlying chemical and psychological issues that, if left untreated, can lead to a return to substance abuse. Many treatment programs deal with the surface problem without focusing on the underlying issue. Effective California residential treatment facilities, such as Ocean Hills Recovery, provide dual diagnosis programs to treat addiction and mental health issues. In a large number of cases, psychological conditions are paired with drug and alcohol abuse and vice versa. Many people with these conditions seek to “self-medicate” through the use of these substances. As the symptoms continue or worsen, addiction can develop. Clients who come to us for help are given an assessment that can determine if there is an underlying emotional and psychological issue, and if so, a dual diagnosis program is recommended. In 78% of cases, a psychological condition is paired with substance abuse. Our staff assesses individuals to detect signs of:

• Depression
• Bipolar disorder
• Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
• Personality disorders

If there is an underlying psychological issue paired with substance abuse, our professionals will provide a comprehensive treatment program to deal with both issues and greatly improve chances for successful recovery. 

Inpatient Treatment That Provides Thorough Care and Encourages a Fresh Start

Many people who struggle with drug and alcohol addiction may find it difficult to continue their everyday life while trying to stop using these substances. Withdrawal symptoms may cause severe discomfort, and in some cases, may be dangerous if left untreated. Trying to continue a regular routine may force someone in recovery to face triggers that are associated with using drugs and alcohol. In addition, the stressors that might have contributed to substance abuse, such as family problems and work pressure, are still present in an outpatient setting and may make it incredibly difficult to stop using drugs and alcohol. Effective California residential treatment facilities provide both outpatient and inpatient options, and Ocean Hills tops the list. Our residential recovery programs involve concentrated therapy and medical care to help clients overcome withdrawal challenges in the early phases. We provide an option of 30, 60 and 90 day programs that are created with the aim of starting recovery in the right direction. Those who benefit from inpatient services participate in individual counseling and support groups to address problems and find the right solutions. After the period of inpatient treatment ends, Ocean Hills provides outpatient treatment with continued therapy and support groups to improve the odds of long-term recovery.

Ocean Hills Is the Best Option for Long-Term Recovery 

When you are looking for residential treatment facilities in California that have a reputation for excellent care and a supportive environment, Ocean Hills is the logical choice. Ask our professionals about inpatient and residential programs and classes that can help strengthen coping skills. Family members are also given the direction they need to help support their loved one on the road to recovery. For a proven track record of successful treatment in a variety of programs, Ocean Hills is the right place for residential substance abuse recovery. 

Top Rehab Centers in California

Among Top Rehab Centers in California – Ocean Hills Recovery Ranks #1

8 Reasons Ocean Hills Ranks #1 Among Top Rehab Centers In California

There may be a handful of decent California rehab centers, but Ocean Hills Recovery has been ranked number one. It makes sense considering the amount of effort we put forth into helping each and every one of our patients recover from their addictions. Being number one in the list of top rehab centers in California isn’t an honor that we take lightly and it’s a title that we plan to hold. What is it about Ocean Hills Recovery that causes us to be number one? Here are a few of the possible reasons.

1. The Highest Success Rate Around.

The top rehab centers in California must have high success rates. While other facilities might boast success rates of 50 to 60 percent, Ocean Hills raises the bar even higher. For example, our 90-day drug and alcohol program has a success rate of 73 percent. That means, on average, about 3 out of every 4 people enjoy long term recovery after participating in the program. Just staying sober while you’re in here isn’t enough. We help our patients make changes that will help them stay clean for the rest of their lives.

2. The Best Staff Around.

Some California rehab centers put so much focus into developing unique rehabilitation programs that they overlook the importance of hiring quality staff. And that doesn’t just mean staff with experience or education. We only employ friendly, caring staff who are honestly willing to put the patient first while they are at work. Whether it’s the receptionist, a nurse, or a doctor: all of our staff is interviewed, reviewed, and chosen with extreme care.

3. Collaborative Recovery Programs.

Ocean Hills utilizes the Collaborative Recovery approach for alcohol addiction. This is the same program that was previously mentioned to have a 73 percent success rate. The details of the program vary from person to person because everyone is unique. We understand that a cookie cutter program isn’t going to help everyone recover. Think of Collaborative Recovery as a personalized 12 step program that can last either 30, 60, or 90 days. Professionals follow each patient’s progress through the program starting from day one. The program can be adjusted at any time to better suit the needs of the patient. In addition to the 12 steps, Collaborative Recovery can include therapy, psychological approaches, spiritual approaches, and medication.

4. Great Success With Drug Addiction.

Collaborative Recovery is so effective and flexible that it can easily be tailored to work for patients suffering from a drug addiction. Drug addictions can be extremely difficult to overcome and may be dangerous in some cases. The program can be fully customized for each patient just as it is when treating alcoholism so that risks are minimized. The medical and therapeutic aspects work extremely well when combined with the foundation put in place by the 12 step program. That’s one reason why Ocean Hills has such a high rate of success when compared to top rehab centers in California that only employ one of those three recovery tools.

5. A Detox Program That Really Works.

It’s not entirely uncommon for California rehab centers to send their patients to a different facility for the detox process. We find this a bit odd since detoxification is an extremely important step towards a recovery. That’s why we implement high-quality detox programs right here at Ocean Hills. We want to know that our patients are receiving the best possible care from the very beginning. It’s especially important when you consider the health risks associated with an alcohol detox. Since we employ the best staff and utilize the best possible methods, we know patients who detox in our facility will be safe and cared for the entire time. They can then go straight from their detox into their recovery program.

6. A Consistent And Reliable Schedule.

At Ocean Hills, we believe that a consistent and reliable schedule is a very important part of the recovery process. It helps control cravings by focusing on an activity or event that you know is just around the corner. Some of the activities we keep on a tight schedule include:

– Sleep routines.

– Medication.

– Therapy.

– Special recreation.

– Meal times.

Some patients have a bit of trouble adjusting to schedules at first. After all, it can be a big change compared to what they were used to. However, most eventually agree that the firm schedules played an important role in keeping them on track during the recovery process. Some of them still stick to similar schedules even after leaving the facility.

7. Highly Trained Intervention Specialists.

An intervention can be one of the most powerful tools available when it comes to getting help for a loved one. Sometimes, they simply aren’t ready to admit that they have a serious problem. An intervention specialist can help you, your friends, your family, and other loved ones facilitate an open and honest dialogue with someone who suffers from addiction. We understand that detoxification and recovery time are absolutely essential, but these things won’t happen if the person doesn’t really understand that they have a problem and that they are hurting the people they love.

8. Our Sober Living Homes.

Just as pre-rehab is very important, so is the time a patient spends after leaving rehab. Sober living is the word we use to refer to housing where multiple people recovering from addiction live. It may be a large home with several bedrooms or it may be an entire apartment complex. Our sober living housing arrangement help patients stay strong after leaving rehab by living in a clean, alcohol-free environment with others who are there to strengthen and support them. 

Just The Tip Of The Iceberg.

These are just a few of the reasons why Ocean Hills is ranked number one among the top rehab centers in California. We face a lot of stiff competition but are confident that we employ the best staff, offer the best programs, and care the most about our patients.

Inpatient vs Outpatient Treatment in California

Inpatient vs Outpatient Treatment in California – What’s the Right Choice to Make?

Choose the best addiction treatment program and take the first step towards your new life.

When you’re struggling with addiction, making even small steps towards change can seem overwhelming. If you face the decision between inpatient versus outpatient treatment in California, you might find yourself confused about the differences between and benefits of each type of program. 

Inpatient Versus Outpatient Treatment in California: What’s the Difference?
Perhaps you’ve tried to quit on your own but have repeatedly relapsed. The struggle is real, but there is hope. With treatment, you can learn new habits and behaviors, as well as diagnose and address underlying issues that have caused you to depend on drugs and alcohol. You can overcome addiction and create a meaningful life. 

When the time comes to seek help, choosing the right treatment option can be challenging. Should you continue working at your job, going to school and doing all of the regular activities of life while also pursuing treatment? Or should you step out of your regular patterns and responsibilities in order to focus intensely on recovery? 

Inpatient versus outpatient treatment programs each provide different strategies for addressing addiction. Outpatient treatment, for example, offers evening and weekend counseling and treatment. This allows you to stay at home and carry on with your regular responsibilities. 

Inpatient treatment programs, on the other hand, provide 24-hour support and a fresh environment to encourage new habits and behaviors. For those detoxing from long-term or severe addictions, they offer medical supervision. They also offer the benefit of full community support as you recover. 

Let’s take a closer look at the pros and cons of each type of treatment:

The Pros and Cons of Outpatient Treatment in California

If you’re looking for treatment that allows you to carry on with your regular life responsibilities, an outpatient program may be appropriate. During outpatient treatment for addiction, you live at home and arrange counseling and treatment sessions around your job or school. You’ll receive professional help to replace unhealthy patterns of addiction with new habits and coping mechanisms. 

While the idea of living at home while receiving treatment may seem appealing, there are some drawbacks. The responsibility will be on you to resist relapse and to directly apply what you’re learning in treatment to the stresses of daily life. By remaining in the same environment where you have become addicted to drugs or alcohol, you might struggle to make the changes necessary to build a life without addiction. An outpatient program may be most effective for those who don’t face the challenges of an unhealthy home or work environment. 

The pros of outpatient treatment programs: 

  • May be sufficient for people with mild addiction problems who are highly motivated to change
  • Lets you apply what you learned immediately to the challenges of daily life
  • Is generally less expensive
  • Counseling may help uncover and treat deeper psychiatric issues that encourage addiction
  • Family sessions can help address unhealthy relationship dynamics that drive addiction

The cons of outpatient treatment programs:

  • You can easily obtain drugs and alcohol
  • Less immediate access to counselors and support
  • Remaining in a stressful or unhealthy environment can make change more difficult 
  • Choosing a program based on cost alone may not lead to recovery

The Pros and Cons of Inpatient Treatment in California

For those with more longstanding or serious addictions, inpatient treatment may be the more effective choice. It can work even when efforts to quit on your own or with the help of outpatient programs have failed. As with outpatient treatment, you’ll receive professional help to battle addiction, but the program will be more all-encompassing. 

Inpatient treatment programs in California often last between 30 to 90 days, during which time you live full-time at a residential treatment facility. These facilities are often situated in a peaceful natural setting that provides a low-stress environment for recovery. Many people who struggle with addiction feel that their lives are chaotic and rife with temptations to relapse. By stepping out of your everyday life into a calm environment where your daily needs are taken care of, you can turn all of your energy towards building a new life free from addiction.

Along with a safe space for recovery, inpatient treatment programs offer round-the-clock access to professional care. While outpatient programs limit your access to counseling and support to the hours that you are actively in treatment, inpatient programs mean that you have immediate help, no matter what time of day or night it is. This sort of intensive treatment is important for those who need medical supervision in order to detox from the dangerous side effects of long-term drug or alcohol addiction.

You’ll also receive highly individualized care from counselors who focus intensely on your recovery over an extended period of time. While outpatient programs allow your counselor to interact with you in a specific, limited environment, inpatient therapy gives counselors a greater opportunity to observe and uncover deep-seated issues that may be driving your addiction. You may not even be aware that you face challenges such as undiagnosed mood disorders, psychiatric conditions or unhealthy relationship dynamics. However, by working with counselors in an inpatient program you’ll be given the chance to learn about and treat these issues in a supportive environment. 

The pros of outpatient treatment programs: 

  • A peaceful environment that removes you from the unhealthy patterns that led to your addiction
  • Removal of responsibilities such as work and school allows you to rest and focus on recovery
  • Full-time support from counselors, medical support and others recovering from addiction
  • Highly personalized treatment that can uncover and address deeper psychiatric issues
  • An extended period in which to learn new habits and life skills
  • Freedom from access to drugs and alcohol
  • Ongoing community support from other people in recovery

The cons of outpatient treatment programs:

  • You will have to make arrangements such as child care or leave from work or school
  • You will step away from your regular environment and routine
  • They are generally more expensive than inpatient treatment
  • They require a strong commitment to building a life free from addiction

Ultimately, it’s best to seek the advice of a professional to determine whether inpatient versus outpatient treatment is right for your situation. While it may seem appealing to choose a less expensive option that allows you to stay at home, overcoming an addiction is challenging work that may require more intense treatment. Factors such as the severity of your addiction, relationship dynamics and underlying psychiatric conditions can all make a difference in the type of treatment that works for you.

If you’re struggling to choose the right treatment, Ocean Hills Recovery can help. Our southern California drug and alcohol rehab center brings a holistic approach to addiction treatment with a range of services to support you in your journey towards recovery. We offer individual, group and family counseling with qualified, caring staff. Our programs such as detox, residential inpatient, intervention, sober living and more have a proven success rate in helping our patients achieve recovery. Contact us today, and take the first step towards leading the life you were meant to live.

Substance Abuse in California

The Varieties of Substance Abuse in California That Require Treatment

A State in Danger – the Varieties of Substance Abuse in California 

California’s proximity to Mexico makes the state a hub for drug smuggling, putting millions of people in California at risk of drug dependency and abuse. The results of the latest Behavioral Health Barometer by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration show that 2.3 million and almost 950,000 California residents have an alcohol or illicit substance abuse or dependency problem, respectively. At a recent public health conference, Sue Grenfell of the California Department of Human Services stated that alcohol followed by marijuana, methamphetamine and opioids are at the top of the list of the different types of drug abuse experienced by people enrolled in the DHHS’ alcohol and drug program. 

The Number of People Seeking Treatment Is Dropping

Over the 4-year period studied by SAMHSA, there was a decrease in the number of people in California who sought treatment for different types of drug abuse. Only 12.6 percent of teenagers and adults who live in this state received treatment for a problem with illicit drugs, and a mere 8 percent were treated for alcohol abuse or dependency. According to the Office of National Drug Control Policy, 36 percent of voluntary rehabilitation admissions were for methamphetamine and other stimulants. This significant percentage coincides with the 18,000 pounds of cocaine and 5,000 pounds of methamphetamine seized by the state of California in 2015. 

Drugs That Require Treatment

Imperial County and San Diego County sit on the border of California and Mexico. Per the information compiled by the National Substance Abuse Index, these two counties are major areas for the shipment of certain depressants, opioids, stimulants and hallucinogens. However, some of these substances are mass produced within the northern part of the state. Additionally, alcohol is also one of the several varieties of substance abuse in California, with over one-half the population engaging in alcohol overuse. Because of their prevalence, these are drugs that require treatment for those who reside in this state: 

– Alcohol
– Cocaine
– Heroin
– Marijuana
– MDMA
– Methamphetamine

Alcohol

In a ranking of excessive drinking by the County Health Rankings & Roadmaps program, 17 percent of adults reported engaging in heavy drinking or binge drinking. This puts California in the top 10th percentile of all 50 states for excessive drinking. One standard-sized drink elevates the typical adult’s blood alcohol content to approximately 0.015 percent, which a healthy liver can metabolize in about 1 hour. The Centers for Disease Control found that 24,000 alcohol drinkers die directly from alcohol poisoning per year. Long-term alcohol abuse may cause irreversible damage to internal organs such as the liver and heart, and 15,000 of people die from alcohol-related liver disease every year. 

Cocaine

Los Angeles, California is United States’ biggest distribution city for cocaine. The 1.1 million Americans who are dependent on cocaine will abuse this substance by swallowing crushed cocaine, snorting powdered cocaine, injecting dissolved cocaine or smoking cocaine powder. Even using a small amount of cocaine results in euphoria as well as an increase in heart rate and blood pressure. For some people, long-term use causes heart attacks and strokes. In other cases, a single dose of cocaine leads to an overdose, especially for people who use it intravenously, have a heart condition or mix it with another harmful substance. 

Heroin 

Heroin is a semi-synthetic opioid derived from poppy-plant resin and combined with ethanoic acid. To sell more heroin and boost profits, manufacturers will often cut the purity of heroin with many types of agents, such as starch, baking soda, talcum powder, caffeine and even rat poison. This means that a batch of heroin can range in purity from 3 percent to 99 percent, putting people at an additional risk of sustaining brain damage or dying from snorting or injecting heroin. Since heroin creates such an intense feeling of detachment and pleasure, it is easy for people to become dependent and eventually overdose. 

Marijuana

Although marijuana is at the forefront of many drug reform debates, its legality in California does not change the plant’s effects on the mind and body. For as long as 3 hours after smoking or ingesting marijuana, individuals may experience an increase in appetite, lack of coordination, a sense of relaxation and short-term memory dysfunction from marijuana’s active ingredient – THC. Frequent use can lead to more serious problems like insulin resistance, a weakened immune system, respiratory issues and male infertility. Marijuana-related fatalities are rare; however, it is a psychologically addictive substance, so a lot of marijuana users face financial problems and neglect responsibilities. 

MDMA

California seized a whopping 300,000 pounds of MDMA in 2015, indicating that it is a popular hallucinogen among those who have a drug dependency problem. MDMA, commonly referred to as ecstasy and other slang terms, is a synthetic drug that releases dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin, putting the individual in an excitable trance-like state about 30 minutes to 1 hour after oral, nasal or rectal use, and the effects can last anywhere from 3 to 24 hours. Results from multiple studies suggest that people who use ecstasy are more prone to clinical depression. Plus, they are at risk of suffering from cognitive impairments, heart failure and heat stroke. 

Methamphetamine

With clandestine methamphetamine laboratories dotting California’s landscape along with an increasing number of labs appearing in Mexico, methamphetamine has a huge presence in California. Since the effects of methamphetamine are significantly more powerful and longer lasting than cocaine, this is a drug of choice for those who want to experience intense pleasure and euphoria. However, these effects also make methamphetamine more addictive than cocaine. As the individual’s bodily functions accelerate, he may become manic, distressed and violent. A methamphetamine overdose is often subtle, starting with a high temperature and ending in a fatal stroke or heart attack.