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When Does Binge Drinking Become a Problem?

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Many of us do not have a clear idea about what constitutes a “binge” when that word refers to drinking. We may not realize it’s an issue for us until it becomes a habit. Research shows that mechanisms in our brain can make us feel like we need to increase our alcohol consumption when we drink. Eventually, a pattern of regular binge drinking occurs. Binge drinking can have harmful – and even fatal – effects. When does binge drinking become a problem, and when is it time to consider alcohol rehab programs?

What is Binge-Drinking?

What is Binge Drinking?

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism states it plainly: Binge drinking occurs when a person’s blood alcohol concentration reaches 0.08 g/dl (grams per deciliter) or higher. [1]

Those government health agencies further explain what that means in terms of drinks consumed. Binge drinking is defined as five or more drinks for men and four or more drinks for women in a period of roughly two hours.[1]

Why Do People Binge Drink?

The reasons for binge drinking are varied. It could be that the individual relies on an excess of alcohol to feel less anxious or awkward. Young people who binge drink may feel social pressure to consume a lot of alcohol to feel included in a peer or social group.

Why do people start binge drinking?

Some binge drink to mask feelings of sadness, loneliness, fear, anxiety, guilt, or anger. This last group may drink alone because they’re ashamed and want to hide their behavior from others.[2]

What are the Harmful Effects of Binge Drinking?

In the short term, binge drinking can lead to: [3]

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Memory loss (blackouts)
  • Hangover symptoms
    • Headache
    • Muscle aches
    • Fatigue
    • Dizziness
    • Upset stomach
    • Excessive thirst
    • Lack of focus
    • Irritability
  • Personal Injury
  • Alcohol Poisoning, which could be fatal

drinking too much - harmful effects

Long-term health issues may include brain or liver damage, depression, problems with long-term memory, heart issue, hypertension, and even cancer.[4] But binge drinking can also lead to domestic violence, sexually transmitted diseases, unplanned pregnancies and poor pregnancy outcomes, unemployment, and vehicular accidents.[2][5]

How do Brain Mechanisms Reinforce a Pattern of Binge Drinking?

A team of scientists at Texas A&M’s College of Medicine discovered that a particular cellular mechanism could contribute to alcohol-seeking behaviors. The report, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, states that alcohol can change neurons in such a way as to encourage the desire to drink more. And if this pattern continues over time, those neural changes become even more pronounced.[6]

Brain changes when binge-drinking

The research team studied two different types of dopamine receptors: D1 neurons encourage behavior and are known as “go” pathways, while D2 neurons (known as “no-go”) inhibit behavior. The scientists exposed mice to alcohol and found that their D1 neurons matured, which meant that they were more likely to be activated in the future. The mice not exposed to alcohol experienced no changes in their D1 neurons. In both groups, the D2 neurons were not impacted at all.

The scientists concluded that alcohol could lead to go-type behavior. They surmised that more research might lead to a way to influence the D2 neurons for a possible future solution to help people stop drinking.

One of the researchers, Jun Wang, further elaborated on the study. He said that alcohol enhances long-term memory, but not in a good way. Alcohol reinforces a specific memory that leads you to want to consume more. But binge drinking exacerbates the problem because it makes it easier for the D1 neurons to activate and could be an underlying cause of addiction. Thus, the cycle continues, with binge drinking essentially communicating to your brain that you want to drink more.[7]

What are the Signs of a Binge Drinking Problem?

Besides paying closer attention to the amount of alcohol you consume in one sitting, here are some other warning signs that may indicate the need to seek treatment:[2][8]

  • You’re drinking more often or early in the day
  • You’re drinking more than you had planned
  • You need more alcohol to experience the same effect
  • Other people comment on how much you drink, and you feel defensive about it
  • You feel ashamed or guilty about drinking too much
  • You give up activities you used to enjoy – or avoid responsibilities – so that you can spend more time drinking
  • You’re experience blackouts or memory loss after drinking
  • You may engage in dangerous behaviors while you’re drinking
  • Inability to slow down or give up drinking
  • You feel weak, shaky, or nauseated if you haven’t had a drink

Do you have a binge-drinking problem?

When Does Binge Drinking Become a Problem? Alcohol Rehab Programs Can Help

Alcohol rehab programs can help individuals discover the root causes of alcohol abuse and teach people better ways to cope with those underlying issues. Because our brain chemistry reacts to alcohol in a way that can lead to addiction, it’s best to intervene before the brain has the opportunity to adapt in the most harmful ways.

Ocean Hills Recovery offers unique alcohol rehab programs that will finally give you the tools to free yourself from alcohol dependence. Contact us here to learn which of our programs may be best for you. Our caring and supporting staff members are ready to help.

When Binge Drinking becomes a Problem Infographic

Sources:

[1] https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Newsletter/winter2004/Newsletter_Number3.pdf
[2] https://www.psycom.net/binge-drinking
[3] https://www.verywellmind.com/the-symptoms-of-a-hangover-67354
[4]https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2014/13_0293.htm
[5]https://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/binge-drinking.htm#:~:text=Binge%20drinking%20is%20defined%20as,a%20severe%20alcohol%20use%20disorder.
[6]https://www.jneurosci.org/content/35/33/11634
[7]https://www.foodandwine.com/drinks/drinking-alcohol-changes-your-brain-make-you-want-drink-more-alcohol-says-study
[8]https://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/binge-drinking

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